Therapies

In MMHC we use only modern methods of diagnostics and treatment based on the latest clinical achievements and biomedical research. All the therapies must be carefully prescribed on the basis of a medical indication stated by a doctor. The therapeutic programs include therapies with psychotropic medication and without.

We help people overcome depressions, panic attacks, general anxiety disorders, paranoia and schizophrenia. Children’s behavioral and emotional disorders as well as late life depressions and psychosis should be treated with special focus and attention.

MMHC basic therapies

MMHC Basistherapien


Pharmacotherapy

BulletMonotherapy

Monotherapy means the use of a single individually chosen drug to treat a particular disorder or disease.

Advantages:

  • a decrease in toxicity of treatments
  • optimal dosing schedules by means of the product concentration and its metabolite in blood

BulletTherapeutic window

Therapeutic window is a range of dosage of a drug that produces therapeutic response without causing any significant adverse effect.


Non-medicamentous therapies

BulletBiofeedback Therapy

What is it? How and When is it used?

Biofeedback is a technique that helps you to gain more control over the normally involuntary body functions. With biofeedback, you're connected to electrical sensors that help you receive information about your body. Hooked up with electrodes to electronic equipment, a person's breathing rate, perspiration, skin temperature, blood pressure, and heartbeat are measured. The results are displayed on a computer screen. 

Biofeedback is most helpful to reduce stress and promote relaxation. It is also under investigation for conditions such as urinary incontinence, migraines, and headaches.

Biofeedback therapy is highly recommended to children with hyperactivity disorder. The current feedback therapy takes the form of a corrective game

Each session generally lasts less than 1 hour. The number of sessions required depends on the condition being treated. Many people see results within 8 to 10 sessions.

Side-effects: None

BulletTranscranial magnetic stimulation

What is it? How and When is it used?

Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is a noninvasive procedure that uses magnetic fields to stimulate nerve cells in the brain to improve symptoms of depression. TMS is typically used when other depression treatments haven't been effective. For each TMS session, the patient sits in a specially designed treatment chair. As TMS uses magnetic pulses, before beginning a treatment, patients are asked to remove any magnetic-sensitive objects. Then the TMS coil will be positioned over the patient’s head. The TMS physician then measures the patient’s motor threshold, by administering several brief pulses. Patients are required to wear earplugs during treatment for their comfort and hearing protection, as TMS produces a loud clicking sound with each pulse, much like an MRI machine. The patient can stop a treatment at any time by asking the staff member present.

Treatment sessions are approximately 40 min. each, and administered 5 days a week.

Side-effects: headaches  

BulletAudio-visual stimulation

What is it? How and When is it used?

The principle of audio-visual stimulation is based on the stimulation of the central nervous system with specific visual and audio signals. These signals influence the brain in various ways depending on the sounds delivered by the headphones and the light signals that are displayed over one's entire field of vision by the LED mask.

The audio-visual stimulation is prescribed for people who want increased concentration, perception and memory, to overcome problems with falling and staying asleep, depression and anxiety problems.

Epilepsy sufferers and people with photosensitivity cannot use audio-visual stimulation devices, which could, among other things, cause an epileptic fit. Sessions must be ended immediately if the subject feels unwell. Otherwise no side-effects are known.

A session normally lasts for about 15 to 60 minutes, depending on the user's goals.

BulletElectroconvulsive Therapy

What is it? How and When is it used?

When medication fails to ease the symptoms of clinical depression, electroconvulsive therapy can be used to treat major depression that hasn't responded to standard treatments. Electroconvulsive therapy is generally considered the treatment of last resort.

ECT is the safest and most effective treatments available for depression. With ECT, electrodes are placed on the patient's scalp and a finely controlled electric current is applied while the patient is under general anesthesia. The current causes a brief seizure in the brain. Patients are carefully monitored during the treatment. The patient awakens minutes later, does not remember the treatment or events surrounding it, and is often confused. The confusion typically lasts for only a short period of time.

A typical course of ECT is administered about three times a week until the patient's depression improves (usually within 6 to 12 treatments).

Side-effects: headache, upset stomach, muscle aches and memory loss

ECT is usually given up to three times a week for a total of two to four weeks.

BulletBlood Irradiation Therapy

What is it? How and When is it used?

Laser blood irradiation therapy employs modification of blood under influence of laser light to support faster and better recovery. There are direct and indirect methods of laser irradiation of blood. Direct methods are invasive and require immediate contact of light with blood, while indirect ones are noninvasive. 

Light can be delivered to blood indirectly, passing through different layers of skin or mucous, as well as number of other tissues before reaching veins, arteries and capillaries.

For direct laser irradiation of blood laser light should contact directly with blood. A thin sterile single-use light-guide is inserted into the lumen of the vein through injection needle or catheter. Other end of the light-guide is connected to laser therapy system. In this way blood in the vein, while passing near distal end of light-guide, is exposed to laser light.

General Effects of the therapy are a significant improvement in overall performance, sleep and vigilance

Side-effects: None


Psychotherapy 

Stress disorder is a psychological factor which can be job-related, money-related, or the result of marital problems, among other reasons. Today there exist at least 365 different methods of psychotherapy. But how to find the best therapy for you?

Various rehabilitation programs help patients effectively manage the stress, overcome personality disorders and negative emotions.

MMHC gives priority to the cognitive behavioral therapy viz. educating patients to control and modulate emotions, thinking and behavior. Psychoanalysis, hypnosis, autogenic trainings are widely used in the cognitive behavioral therapy as well.

Why Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT)?

  • Cognitive-Behavioral Therapies are very instructive
  • Cognitive-Behavioral Therapies are shorter-term
  • Cognitive-Behavioral Therapies can be researched
  • Cognitive-Behavioral Therapies emphasize getting better, rather than feeling better
  • Cognitive-Behavioral has a long-term effect

Trainings

MMHC has developed a social-cognitive rehabilitation program, based on comprehensive scientific data and practices. It represents a combination of a cognitive training program and a social skills training.

Types of training:

  • cognitive training
  • social skills training
  • time management training

Trainings can be conducted individually or in small groups and are computer-based, which make it possible to assess results at once.


Rehabilitation

Rehabilitation is a process of getting back to a normal, productive life. The process of recovery is a drawn-out process that may take years. Using subject matter experts, it is possible to reduce the time, to restore cognitive functions, to improve communication and working skills and to help the patients find cutting-edge place to work.

For each patient we have developed an individual rehab program, which includes gradual increase of therapies and physical activities.

 A rehab program implies: 

  • cognitive trainings
  • communication skills training
  • individual psychotherapy, aimed at increasing patients’ motivation to work
  • full-time work therapy - a patient carries out the tasks which develop basic skills, such as: gathering and collating information, working with foreign language texts.

Preventing a Relapse

Living with a mental illness involves watching for signs of relapse. Learning how to do this is important when recovering from mental illness. The most common reasons why people relapse include biological factors, such as: diseases of the nervous, endocrine and immune system, as well as psychological and social factors, such as: stressful situations and work-family issues. There are many roads you can take to prevent relapse in recovery. A patient needs an active dynamic observation. A patient must have confidence in the competence of their physician and must feel that they can confide in him or her. A patient requires the care or support of his/her parents or relatives.

 A physician must be dedicated to continuous improvement in the quality of health care. He controls treatment discontinuation gradually decreasing the dosage. Our experts conduct group counseling sessions, individual and family counseling, teaching patients how to prevent relapse in recovery.